CBSE schools in hyderabad for 11th and 12th


CBSE schools in hyderabad for 11th and 12th

The Central Board of Secondary Education (abbreviated as CBSE) is a Board of Education for public and private schools, under the Union Government of India. Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) has asked all cbse schools in Hyderabad schools affiliated to follow only NCERT curriculum.

CBSE is the apex board of education in India, which is not only having a pan Indian jurisdiction but also has global presence with nearly 141 affiliated schools across 21 countries. CBSE grants affiliation to Schools up to higher secondary level and develops common curriculum keeping nationwide requirements in focus. The CBSE affiliation is considered as a prestigious recognition as it requires the schools to follow rigid quality standards.


The CBSE was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’ in the year 1952. The CBSE Board was
reconstituted in the year 1962 when its jurisdiction was extended. Educations being a subject on the concurrent list of
Indian constitution – most of the states also have their own educational boards with different curriculum but CBSE enjoys
the advantage of still being the most preferred board all over India.

Apart from major school examinations, the CBSE also conducts most of the major national level competitive exams in the
country. This list keeps on getting bigger, with the latest entrant being the UGC NEET exam.

CBSE is considered to be tougher than state boards, but not only is it more student friendly, it is also considered by
many to be richer in educational content. CBSE is especially beneficial to those who wish to pursue higher education in
nationalized institutions, over state institutions.

The CBSE curriculum will definitely help if you plan on pursuing further education from a centralized institution like an IIT
or AIIMS. The preliminary exams for these institutions are organised by CBSE, therefore, doing your primary and secondary
schooling in CBSE will give you an edge over the competition.


cbse schools in hyderabad


  • To define appropriate approaches of academic activities to provide stress free, child centered and holistic education to all our children without compromising on quality cbse schools in hyderabad
  • To analyze and monitor the quality of academic activities by collecting the feedback from different stakeholders
  • To develop norms for implementation of various academic activities including quality issues; to control and coordinate the implementation of various academic and training programmes of the Board; to organize academic activities and to supervise other agencies involved in the process
  • To adapt and innovate methods to achieve academic excellence in conformity with psychological, pedagogical and social principles. cbse schools in hyderabad
  • To encourage to document the progress of students in a teacher and student friendly way
  • To propose plans to achieve quality benchmarks in school education consistent with the goals of the education.
  • To organize various capacity building and empowerment programmes to update the professional competency of teachers cbse schools in hyderabad
  • To prescribe conditions for a better preparation for the public & other competitive examinations conducted by CBSE & other organizations
  • To fulfill the educational requirements of the students by using the latest techniques of teaching & Learning process.
  • To prescribe and update the course of instructions of examinations.
  • To affiliate institutions for the purpose of examination and raise the academic standards of the



  • Innovations in teaching-learning methodologies by devising students friendly and students centered paradigms
  • Reforms in examinations and evaluation practices.
  • Skill learning by adding job-oriented and job-linked inputs
  • Regularly updating the pedagogical skills of the teachers and administrators by conducting in service training programmes, workshops etc. cbse schools in hyderabad
  • To ensure quality teaching-learning processes in the classroom and to enhance performance, the School appoints additional teachers per division at all levels. GIIS invests in teacher training and development, the school maximizes utilization of its modest infrastructure and resources to ensure delivery of a robust education programme. Over the years, the School has established itself as an institution offering quality education to children of varied backgrounds and cultures. cbse schools in hyderabad



The school endeavors for quality education. it emphasize a “whole system” approach that provides a framework for building capacity within the students through Activity based child centered and child initiated methodology, This unique pedagogy involves the child into the system by involving the child so that they become centers of excellence. The school triggers and boosts the Self confidence and creativity by triggering the multiple intelligence’s through the 9 GEMS model. The school lifts the child to latest arena of learning trends by having a teacher pupil ratio of 1:20


Every child is treated as an independent thinker, with an infinite capacity to acquire knowledge,

At GIIS the child is given the space to chisel out their latent latent with which children are capable of constructing activities that lead to effective learning outcomes.

At GIIS the Child-centered education accomplishes us the aspired learning outcomes, wherein the pace and content of learning is directed by the child and supported by the facilitator (the teacher). Children learn most effectively through collective reflections shared with peers and facilitators and through group discussions



Class IX, X, XI & XII

The school is affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education. Therefore the school follows the prescribed syllabus as per CBSE for classes IX to XII.

With the exposure that they had in the Junior school they continue to enhance their skills  in senior school . They learn to equip themselves for the transition.

The High school follows research oriented project based method with the right blend of activities which prepares the child to question, to recreate, to analyze the situations.

In the Secondary classes, innovative methods and activities are developed to transact the CBSE prescribed curriculum. Lessons at all levels are facilitated through an integrated curriculum, supplemented by a variety of co-curricular activities, blended with technology ,field trips and class projects.

The complete teaching and learning process is child initiated and filled with fun. The children participate in number of inter-school activities such as elocution’s, debates, science exhibitions, creative writing arts and  sports and have got laurels to the school.



The following subjects are offered at the +2 level.

Education as the art of stimulating and protecting natural human growth demands a conducive atmosphere for physical, intellectual, social, aesthetic and emotional growth .

Theme and Project Method of Learning The lessons are designed based on a theme for a stipulated period of time and proceeds to integrate the entire range of subjects that the child should know. The method involves project and activities that gives the learner ‘ hands’ on experience of the knowledge that the child seeks. At all levels we have adopted the method to enhance the learning process and it attracts the attention of the child in the subject. The subject itself turns interesting. We have a practice to maintain a lesson plan which is prepared by a group of teachers in equal intervals.

Commerce English core
Business Studies
Informatics Practice
Physical Education
Science English core
Informatics Practices
Physical Education



GIIS philosophy promotes the education of the integral development of an individual to be a lifelong learner by promoting international mindedness and emphasizing on intellectual, ethical, critical, personal, emotional and social growth through all domains of knowledge into a responsible global citizen.


Our school strives to impart quality edification of Global standards which is child centric, activity based, inculcating a scientific temperament and inquisitive learning. We aim to craft lifelong learners, develop intercultural understanding, inspirational & innovative leaders who have a strong sense of values. Students propagate integrity with honesty, are knowledgeable and balanced individuals with open –mindedness.


To become a global role model for teaching and learning.


M… Manage with information and metrics

A… Agility and Adaptability

H… Honesty, Integrity and Ethical practice.

A… Attitude before Knowledge

T… Team work

M… Mentor, Coach and Make a Difference

A… Ambience for learning



Exam Structure

Units Marks 
Part A Financial Accounting – I
1. Theoretical Framework 15
2. Accounting Process 35
Total 50
Part B Financial Accounting – II
3. Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship 15
4. Financial Statements of Non-Profits 15
5. Computers in Accounting 10
Total 40
Part C Project Work 10
Grand Total Marks 100 

Part A: Financial Accounting – I (50 Marks)

Unit 1: Theoretical Framework

Introduction to Accounting

  • Accounting: objectives, advantages and limitations, types of accounting information; users of accounting information and their needs.
  • Basic accounting terms: business transaction, account, capital, drawings, liability (Non – current and current); asset (Non – current; tangible and intangible assets and current assets), receipts (capital and revenue), expenditure (capital, revenue and deferred), expense, income, profits, gains and losses, purchases, purchases returns, sales, sales returns, stock, trade receivables (debtors and bills receivable), trade payables (creditors and bills payable), goods, cost, vouchers, discount – trade and cash.

Theory Base of Accounting

  • Fundamental accounting assumptions: going concern, consistency and accrual.
  • Accounting principles: accounting entity, money measurement, accounting period, full disclosure, materiality, prudence, cost concept, matching concept and dual aspect.
  • Accounting Standards and IFRS (International Financial Reporting Standards): concept and objectives
  • Double entry system of accounting.
  • Bases of accounting – cash basis and accrual basis.

Unit 2: Accounting Process

Recording of Transactions

  • Accounting equation: analysis of transactions using accounting equation.
  • Rules of debit and credit: for assets, liabilities, capital, revenue and expenses
  • Origin of transactions- source documents (invoice, cash memo, pay in slip, cheque), preparation of vouchers – cash (debit and credit) and non cash (transfer).
  • Books of original entry: format and recording – Journal.
  • Cash Book: Simple Cash Book, Cash Book with Discount Column and Cash Book with Bank and Discount Columns, Petty Cash Book.
  • Other books: purchases book, sales book, purchases returns book, sales returns book and journal proper.

Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement, Ledger and Trial Balance.

  • Bank reconciliation statement- calculating bank balance at accounting date: need and preparation. Corrected cash book balance.
  • Ledger – format, posting from journal, cash book and other special purpose books, balancing of accounts.
  • Trial balance: objectives and preparation

(Scope: Trial Balance with balance method only)

Depreciation, Provisions and Reserves

  • Depreciation: concept need and factors affecting depreciation; methods of computation of depreciation: straight line method, written down value method (excluding change in method)
  • Accounting treatment of depreciation: by charging to asset account, by creating provision for depreciation/ accumulated depreciation account, treatment of disposal of asset.
  • Provisions and reserves: concept, objectives and difference between provisions and reserves; types of reserves- revenue reserve, capital reserve, general reserve and specific reserves.

Accounting for Bills of Exchange

  • Bills of exchange and promissory note: definition, features, parties, specimen and distinction.
  • Important terms : term of bill, due date, days of grace, date of maturity, discounting of bill, endorsement of bill, bill sent for collection, dishonour of bill, noting of bill, retirement and renewal of a bill.
  • Accounting treatment of bill transactions.

Rectification of Errors

  • Errors: types-errors of omission, commission, principles, and compensating; their effect on Trial Balance.
  • Detection and rectification of errors; preparation of suspense account.

Part B: Financial Accounting – II (40 Marks)

Unit 3: Financial Statements of Sole Proprietorship

  • Financial Statements: objective and importance.
  • Trading and profit and loss account: gross profit, operating profit and net profit.
  • Balance Sheet: need, grouping, marshalling of assets and liabilities.
  • Adjustments in preparation of financial statements : with respect to closing stock, outstanding expenses, prepaid expenses, accrued income, income received in advance, depreciation, bad debts, provision for doubtful debts, provision for discount on debtors, manager’s commission, abnormal loss, goods taken for personal use and goods distributed as free samples.
  • Preparation of Trading and Profit and Loss Account and Balance Sheet of sole proprietorship.
  • Incomplete records: use and limitations.
  • Ascertainment of profit/loss by statement of affairs method.

Unit 4: Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations

  • Not-for-profit organizations: concept.
  • Receipts and Payment account: features.
  • Income and Expenditure account: features. Preparation of Income and Expenditure account and Balance Sheet from the given Receipts and Payments account with additional information.


  1. Adjustments in a question should not exceed 3 or 4 in number and restricted to subscriptions, consumption of consumables, and sale of assets/ old material.
  2. Entrance/ admission fees and general donations are to be treated as revenue receipts.
  3. Trading Account of incidental activities is not to be prepared.

Unit 5: Computers in Accounting

  • Introduction to Computer and Accounting Information System {AIS}: Introduction to computers (Elements, Capabilities, Limitations of Computer system),
  • Introduction to operating software, utility software and application software. Introduction to Accounting Information System (AIS), as a part of MIS
  • Automation of Accounting Process. Meaning
  • Stages in automation
    • (a) Accounting process in a computerised environment; comparison between manual accounting process and Computerised accounting process.
    • (b) Sourcing of accounting Software; kinds of software: readymade software; customised software and tailor-made software; Generic Considerations before sourcing accounting software
    • (c) Creation of Account groups and hierarchy
    • (d) Generation of reports -Trial balance, Profit and Loss account and Balance Sheet.


  • The scope of the unit is to understand accounting as an information system for the generation of accounting information and preparation of accounting reports.
  • It is presumed that the working knowledge of any appropriate accounting software will be given to the students to help them learn basic accounting operations on computers

Part C: Project Work (10 Marks)

Any One:

  1. Collection of Source Documents,Preparation of Vouchers, Recording of Transactions with the help of vouchers.
  2. Preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement with the given cash book and the pass book with twenty to twenty-five transactions.
  3. Comprehensive project starting with journal entries regarding any sole proprietorship business, posting them to the ledger and preparation of Trial balance.The students will then prepare Trading and Profit and Loss Account on the basis of the prepared trial balance. Expenses, incomes and profit (loss) are to be depicted using pie chart / bar diagram.


Exam Structure

Unit Title Marks
I Diversity of Living Organisms 07
II Structural Organisation in Plants & Animals 12
III Cell: Structure and Function 15
IV Plant Physiology 18
V Human Physiology 18
Total  70

Unit I: Diversity of Living Organism

Chapter-1: The Living World

What is living? Biodiversity; Need for classification; three domains of life; taxonomy and systematics; concept of species and taxonomical hierarchy; binomial nomenclature; tools for study of taxonomy-museums, zoological parks, herbaria, botanical gardens.

Chapter-2: Biological Classification

Five kingdom classification; Salient features and classification of Monera, Protista and Fungi into major groups: Lichens, Viruses and Viroids.

Chapter-3: Plant Kingdom

Salient features and classification of plants into major groups – Algae, Bryophyta, Pteridophyta, Gymnospermae and Angiospermae (three to five salient and distinguishing features and at least two examples of each category); Angiosperms – classification upto class, characteristic features and examples.

Chapter-4: Animal Kingdom

Salient features and classification of animals non chordates up to phyla level and chordates up to class level (three to five salient features and at least two examples of each category).

(No live animals or specimen should be displayed.)

Unit 2: Structural Organisation in Animals and Plants

Chapter-5: Morphology of Flowering Plants

Morphology and modifications: Tissues

Chapter-6: Anatomy of Flowering Plants

Anatomy and functions of different parts of flowering plants: root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit and seed (to be dealt along with the relevant practical of the Practical Syllabus).

Chapter-7: Structural Organisation in Animals

Animal tissues: Morphology, anatomy and functions of different systems (digestive, circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive) of an insect (cockroach). (a brief account only)

Unit 3: Cell Structure and Function

Chapter-8: Cell-The Unit of Life

Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life: Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; Plant cell and animal cell; Cell envelope, cell membrane, cell wall; Cell organelles – structure and function; endomembrane system, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes, vacuoles; mitochondria, ribosomes, plastids, microbodies; cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, centrioles (ultrastructure and function); nucleus, nuclear membrane, chromatin, nucleolus.

Chapter-9: Biomolecules

Chemical constituents of living cells: biomolecules, structure and function of proteins, carbodydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, enzymes, types, properties, enzyme action.

Chapter-10: Cell Cycle and Cell Division

Cell cycle, mitosis, meiosis and their significance.

Unit 4: Plant Physiology

Chapter-11: Transport in Plants

Transport in plants; Movement of water, gases and nutrients; cell to cell transport, Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water relations, Imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; long distance transport of water – Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation; transpiration, opening and closing of stomata;Uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients – Transport of food, phloem transport, massflow hypothesis; diffusion of gases. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-12: Mineral Nutrition

Essential minerals, macro- and micronutrients and their role; deficiency symptoms; mineral toxicity; elementary idea of hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; nitrogen metabolism, nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-13: Photosynthesis in Higher Plants

Photosynthesis as a mean of autotrophic nutrition; site of photosynthesis, pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis; cyclic and non cyclic photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration; C3 and C4 pathways; factors affecting photosynthesis. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-14: Respiration in Plants

Exchange of gases; cellular respiration – glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations – number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient.

Chapter-15: Plant – Growth and Development

Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental processes in a plant cell; growth regulators – auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit 5: Human Physiology

Chapter-16: Digestion and Absorption

Alimentary canal and digestive glands, role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; Peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; calorific values of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; egestion; nutritional and digestive disorders – PEM, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-17: Breating and Exchange of Gases

Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); Respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans – exchange of gases, transport of gases and regulation of respiration, respiratory volume; disorders related to respiration – asthma, emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-18: Body Fluids and Circulation

Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system – Structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG; double circulation; regulation of cardiac activity; disorders of circulatory system – hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-19: Excretory Products and Their Elimination

Modes of excretion – ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system – structure and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function – renin – angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor, ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders – uraemia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney.

Chapter-20: Locomotion and Movement

Types of movement – ciliary, flagellar, muscular; skeletal muscle-contractile proteins and muscle contraction; skeletal system and its functions; joints; disorders of muscular and skeletal system – myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular dystrophy, arthritis, osteoporosis, gout. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-21: Neural Control and Coordination

Neuron and nerves; Nervous system in humans – central nervous system; peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action; sensory perception; sense organs; elementary structure and functions of eye and ear. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Chapter-22: Chemical Coordination and Integration

Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system – hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary Idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators, hypo – and hyperactivity and related disorders; dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addision’s disease. cbse schools in hyderabad.



Exam Structure

Unit Title Marks
I Basic Concepts of Chemistry 11
II Structure of Atom
III Classification of Elements & Periodicity in Properties 04
IV Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 21
V States of Matter: Gases and Liquids
VI Thermodynamics
VII Equilibrium
VIII Redox Reactions 16
IX Hydrogen
X s-Block Elements
XI Some p-Block Elements
XII Organic Chemistry: Basic Principles & Techniques 18
XIII Hydrocarbons
XIV Environmental Chemistry
Total 70

Unit I: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

General Introduction: Importance and scope of chemistry.

Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules.

Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit II: Structure of Atom

Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron, atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thomson’s model and its limitations. Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations, concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half filled and completely filled orbitals. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit III: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit IV: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond; bond parameters, Lewis structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s,p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), hydrogen bond. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit V: States of Matter: Gases and Liquids

Three states of matter, intermolecular interactions, types of bonding, melting and boiling points, role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule, Boyle’s law, Charles law, Gay Lussac’s law, Avogadro’s law, ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, Avogadro’s number, ideal gas equation. Deviation from ideal behaviour, liquefaction of gases, critical temperature, kinetic energy and molecular speeds (elementary idea)Liquid State- vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension (qualitative idea only, no mathematical derivations)

Unit VI: Chemical Thermodynamics

Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. cbse schools in hyderabad.

First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat,  measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction)

Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and non-spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).

Unit VII: Equilibrium

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium-ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, Henderson Equation, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solution, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative examples). cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit VIII: Redox Reaction

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit IX: Hydrogen

Position of hydrogen in periodic table, occurrence, isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen, hydrides-ionic covalent and interstitial; physical and chemical properties of water, heavy water, hydrogen peroxide -preparation, reactions and structure and use; hydrogen as a fuel. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit X: s -Block Elements (Alkali and Alkaline Earth Metals)

Group 1 and Group 2 Elements

General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of the first element of each group, diagonal relationship, trends in the variation of properties (such as ionization enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii), trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen, water, hydrogen and halogens, uses. cbse schools in hyderabad.


Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds:

Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogencarbonate, Biological importance of Sodium and Potassium. Calcium Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and their industrial uses, biological importance of Magnesium and Calcium. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit XI: Some p -Block Elements

General Introduction to p – Block Elements

Group 13 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, Boron – physical and chemical properties, some important compounds, Borax, Boric acid, Boron Hydrides, Aluminium: Reactions with acids and alkalies, uses. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Group 14 Elements: General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of first elements. Carbon-catenation, allotropic forms, physical and chemical properties; uses of some important compounds: oxides. Important compounds of Silicon and a few uses: Silicon Tetrachloride, Silicones, Silicates and Zeolites, their uses. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit XII: Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Technique

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Unit XIII: Hydrocarbons

Classification of Hydrocarbons

Aliphatic Hydrocarbons:

Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.

Alkenes – Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Alkynes – Nomenclature, structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water. cbse schools in hyderabad.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity. cbse schools in hyderabad

Unit XIV: Environmental Chemistry

Environmental pollution – air, water and soil pollution, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smog, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rain, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer, greenhouse effect and global warming- pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution, strategies for control of environmental pollution. cbse schools in hyderabad.


Related Links :

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CBSE School with Low Fees in Hyderabad

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